According to the Handbook of Texas Online, “The surrounding area is the oldest continuously cultivated area in the United States. Farmers have lived at Presidio since 1500 B.C. By 1400 A.D. the area Indians lived in small, close-together settlements, which the Spaniards later called pueblos.”
While these first farmers were tending their crops in what is now Presidio, these other world events were going on:
- 1500 B.C. (circa) The Thera volcanic eruption was the world’s single most powerful explosion. Scientists say it changed the world forever and was even felt in N. America.
- 1500 B.C. Sundials were invented in Egypt.
- 1500 B.C. Composition of the Vedas (Hindu sacred texts) begins.
- 1500 B.C. Formative/Preclassic period starts in Mesoamerica.
- 1500 B.C. Mycenaean civilization starts in Ancient Greece.
- 1500 B.C. Glassmaking perfected in Middle East, including bottles in Egypt.
- 1500 B.C. Possibly the time period of the Biblical Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt, according to Simcha Jacobovici and other scholars.
- 1500 B.C. Phoenicians founded the city of Tangier in North Africa.
- 1500 B.C. The age of the Pyramids ended in Egypt.
- 1450 B.C. Mycenae dominates Aegean.
- 1450 B.C. Minoans overrun by mainland Greeks.
- 1450 B.C. Egypt reaches greatest extent, through the efforts of Thutmose III.
- 1380 B.C. Nefertiti is queen-consort to Akhenaten in Egypt.
- 1361 B.C. Tutankhamen (King Tut) becomes king of Egypt at age 9.
The Spaniards first came to the Presidio area in 1535, and Anglo settlers arrived in 1848. Information about archeological finds in the Presidio area can be found at: http://www.texasbeyondhistory.net/junta/investigations.html.